While protocols appear to be the ultimate top-down of governance, with "rules of public participation", it is widely accepted that the influence of transnational networks has increased Public opinion is relevant because there must be concerns about acting and providing public resources.  Since young activist Greta Thunberg started Friday for the future, she has grown more and more. Non-governmental organizations also perform certain tasks, ranging from gathering information and developing strategies to mobilizing support. Science plays an important role, although Susskind argues that this role is sometimes reduced by uncertainty, differences of opinion and the rise of "contrasting science."  The economy can also be involved with positive results. An agreement between two nations is called a bilateral agreement on the environment. If the agreement is reached between three or more nations, it is called the Multilateral Agreement on the Environment (MEA). Such agreements, first concluded by the United Nations, deal with issues such as atmospheric policy, freshwater policy, waste and hazardous substances policy, the marine environment, the protection of nature, noise pollution and nuclear safety.  Finally, countries may not be motivated to change their environmental policies due to conflicts with other interests, including economic prosperity. If environmental protocols cause economic hardship or damage to one country, it may escape protocols, while other countries comply with them, resulting in a classic problem of parasitism. In addition, environmental protocols can be criticized for scientific uncertainty or, at the very least, for a lack of synthesis of scientific information that can be used for "conflicting interests and disaster".  This can now be seen as an excuse defined as skepticism about climate change.
How we see the effectiveness of the protocols depends on what we expect from them. With little administrative or real authority, the protocols increase government concern, improve the contractual environment and increase capacity by transferring assets. But as long as sovereignty is intact, environmental protocols will not have an impact on changes in relation to public or public apathy, guarantee national measures or materialize overnight.