In August 2020, an economic, agricultural, investment, trade union, social affairs and environmental forum issued an extraordinary statement calling on the government to adopt a zero net emissions target by 2050. A recent June 2020 survey showed that 70% of Australians expect the government to protect the environment as part of economic recovery efforts. Another poll showed that 72% of Australians see bushfires from November 2019 to January 2020 as a wake-up call for the effects of climate change, and 73% agree that the Prime Minister should be at the forefront of the fight against climate change. A federal commitment to zero missions and a single Paris target for 2030, as well as a target for renewable energy beyond 2020, are needed to ensure a single federal framework for a rapid transition to a carbon-free future. However, the Australian government believes Australia will meet its 2030 target "through a policy based on its proven direct action approach." These measures include the Emissions Reduction Fund and the associated protection mechanism, as well as a series of other measures to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and increase energy productivity. Chart 1 shows the main relevant policies and the amount of emission reductions the government believes it can achieve relative to Australia`s 2030 target. At the same time, the government is also reviewing Australia`s climate change policy to "take stock of Australia`s progress in reducing emissions and ensure that the government`s policy remains effective in achieving Australia`s 2030 target and the commitments of the Paris Agreement." The review will also examine a possible long-term emission reduction target beyond 2030. A discussion paper has been published for public notice and the review will be completed by the end of 2017. According to the professors, if other countries followed australia`s carbon accounting method, this would further widen the gap between the current ambitious and what is needed to meet the temperature targets set by the Paris agreement. Australia`s greenhouse gas production remains flat and remains below the downward trend needed to meet the terms of the Paris climate agreement and keep global warming below two degrees.
In December 2015, the parties to the Un Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted the Paris Agreement: a pioneering agreement to combat climate change and measures to move their economies towards a sustainable, low-carbon future. "The Australian market has a bit of a catch-up to where we are now, so if that is the case, our targets need to be a little more aggressive than what we see in other markets," Lund said. Australia`s plan to use Kyoto-era carbon credits to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement is contrary to international law, legal experts warn. In September 2019, Mr Morrison told the United Nations that "Australia will live up to our Paris commitments" and set out the goals as "a credible, fair, accountable and achievable contribution to the global fight against climate change." Australia`s NDC Intended, published by the federal government in August 2015 before the Paris Agreement was adopted, has required Australia to achieve a "macroeconomic target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% from 2005 to 2030 levels." However, Australia has qualified its objectives by reserving the right to adapt its objective, "if the rules and other terms of support of the agreement are different in a way that greatly influences the definition of our objective." Australia did not commit to carbon neutrality in the second half of this century. "We cannot simply count on reducing emissions in one-third of the emissions budget and continuing to grow the emissions budget by two-thirds. This