Border Peace And Tranquility Agreement 1993 Upsc

Convinced that an early solution to the border issue will promote the fundamental interests of both countries and should therefore be pursued as a strategic objective, the following political parameters and guiding principles for border settlement have been agreed: Article I Differences on the border issue should not affect the overall development of bilateral relations. The two sides will resolve the border issue through peaceful and friendly consultations. Neither party may use force against the other by any means or threaten to use force. The final resolution of the border issue will greatly promote good-neighbourly and friendly relations between India and China. Article II The two sides should endeavour, in accordance with the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, to find a just, reasonable and acceptable solution for both parties to the border issue, through fair consultations, from the political perspective of all bilateral relations. Article III The two parties should, in a spirit of mutual respect and understanding, make judicious and mutually acceptable adjustments to their respective positions on the border issue in order to achieve a comprehensive solution to the border issue. The border regime must be definitive and cover all sectors of the India-China border. Article IV Both parties shall take due account of each other`s strategic and reasonable interests, as well as the principle of mutual and equal security. Note: Aspirants should be aware of the 1993 agreement on maintaining peace and quiet along the LAC. Article X The EUSRs on the border issue are seriously pursuing their consultations with a view to reaching an agreed framework for a border settlement that will serve as a basis for the delimitation and delimitation of the border between India and China, which will then be carried out by civilian and military officials and surveyors of both sides. Article XI This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of its signature and may be amended and supplemented by mutual written agreement between the two Parties.

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