Note: Statistics show annual arrivals on so-called "One Way Permits" for Chinese citizens on the mainland who settle in Hong Kong The list included Hong Kong government officials, members of the legislative and executive councils, presidents of the Bank of Hong Kong and Shanghai and Standard Chartered Bank , prominent businessmen such as Li Ka-shing, Pao Yue-kong and Fok Ying-tung-and Martin Lee Chu-ming and Szeto Wah. Critics say the new law - which targets separatism, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces - is being used against opponents of the government and undermines freedoms. Many Hong Kongers fear that the civil liberties they were proud of - the rule of law, an independent judiciary, freedom of the press, freedom of expression and assembly - will disappear. Many might wonder how China could do this if the city were to guarantee freedoms under the transfer agreement. Hong Kong was returned to China by British control in 1997, but under a single agreement - a mini-constitution called the Basic Law and a so-called "one country, two systems" principle. "They would no longer be affected by Article 5 and the joint declaration," he said, referring to another agreement with Britain. As Macau has its own currency, the Chinese renminbi has no legal course in Macau; Pataca is not even accepted in stores in China. With this agreement, a permit or visa is required if you cross the borders of Macau and China, and the people of Macau usually hold SAR passports from Macau and not Chinese passports on the mainland. Like Hong Kong, official languages are an important factor that distinguishes Macau and China, in addition to the history of the former colony, since Cantonese and Portuguese are the most common languages in Macau, while Mandarin is the official language of China. The central government in Beijing also retains control of Macau`s foreign policy and the legal interpretation of the Basic Law.
The Hong Kong government has responded to rising popular sentiment in a way that should, on the one hand, strengthen confidence in the defence of the interests of the people in the territory and, on the other hand, maintain good relations with the Chinese government. In December 1989, a representative of the British government made a secret visit to Beijing, where he assured the Chinese authorities of Britain`s commitment to make a joint statement and promised that Hong Kong should not become a base for anti-Chinese subversion. In 1990, the Hong Kong government arrested pro-democracy activists for minor offences and imposed fines for violating colonial public order to prohibit independent political activities. At the same time, following secret negotiations between the British government and the Chinese government, it was announced that the representation of the population in Legco in the 1991 elections would increase to 18 seats elected by direct universal suffrage, 20 in 1997, 24 in 1999 and 30 in 2003. (18) A clause reflecting this agreement was introduced into the Basic Law in 1990. (19) However, no amendments have been proposed for the executive.